Trees have plenty of advantages to the environment besides providing cleaner air. For instance, during the hot months, trees provide shade and also help to cool down the air through evaporation. In this process, the roots absorb vapor and the leaves evaporate the moisture which helps to cool down the air.
Knowing that trees are essential for the environment, we must take care of them. One of the ways to take care of trees and forestry is through tree inventory. This article focuses on this type of conservation to help you understand what it is and its importance to the environment.
What is tree inventory?
A tree inventory is an accumulation of accurate data on the health and characteristics of trees in an environment. These characteristics may also touch on the environs where the trees are growing. Inventories in a municipality include; trees in parks, streets, and other trees owned by the township. To develop a complete urban forest supervision program, members conduct a tree inventory.
Tree inventories are beneficial in many ways. For starters, they help recognize and intensify the impact of trees in the community. Secondly, they enhance planting and maintaining processes. Also, the process evaluates the societal and personal advantages of trees in the community. Last but not least, an inventory determines the economic worth of the existing trees as well as those yet to be planted.
Types of tree inventories
There are three types of tree inventories, including sample inventory, partial inventory, and complete inventory.
A sample inventory is performed randomly on a sample of street tree sections, road miles, blocks, or any area. This is done to show an evaluation of the urban forest. It is worth noting that this process can also be stratified.
This type of tree inventory is ideal for communities seeking to generate funding and investment from the local government. What’s more, it can help a population that wants to grow a support network for trees in the community. People working on sample inventory may include students, tree community, volunteers, and other staff.
This type is performed in a particular area that is not random. It is usually a geographical area like downtown and can be a phased inventory (different areas are collected separately to produce a complete inventory).
This type includes all trees in the population from the streets, parks, and municipal properties. It also comprises existing planting sites and stumps.
A complete tree inventory is essential for populations with the following requirements;
- If the available street inventory required updating
- If the community uses an in-house Geographic Information System
- If the staff responsible for tree maintenance wants to be more efficient in generating an inventory-based managing database
- When there is staff available to manage the statistics during the planting, maintenance, and removal processes
This inventory helps to enhance the planning and maintenance processes. In addition, it improves the responsive capacity to damages caused by storms and estimates the costs. A complete tree inventory also enhances efficiency when handling fundamental requests. It is also essential as it helps in knowing different types of tree species and their locations.
Partial inventory can perform the things above but often on restricted geographical regions.
Importance of a tree survey
Before determining which type of tree inventory to use, it is essential to conduct a tree survey. Conducting a tree survey helps in the following.
- It helps develop a foundation to provide a more detailed and accurate inventory.
- A survey can help obtain grants to develop an all-encompassing program.
- It helps form a tree risk management system in areas offering a limited visual tree risk evaluation.
- The survey can help calculate the number of possible locations to plant trees in the community.